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Nilambur an Overview





                                                       Nilambur  is one of the most beautiful places in Kerala which is located in malappuram district, North of kerala, south india. Nilambur is a town as well as a taluk in malappuram District. It is situated geographically at the eastern end of the district where the tamilnadu state boarder shares the Western Ghat mountain lands with kerala. The taluk’s boundaries are nilgiri hills of tamil nadu in east, eranadu taluk in west , palakkad district(Mannarkad taluk) and perinthalmanna taluk in south  and kozhikkode (calicut) district in north.


                              

The River 'Chaliyar' , the fourth major river in kerala nourishes nilambur. All the major streams of chaliyar are joins it from or around the valleys. Nilambur is rich in forest wealth. The New Amarambalam reserved forests of nilambur is included in the buffer zone region of Silent Valley evergreen forests as a part of Nilgiri Biosphere project . Nilambur forests are the continuation of Bandipur (Karnataka), Muthumala (Tamilnadu) and Wayanadu(Kerala) wildlife sancturies also.





A major portion of nilambur forests are occupied by teak plantations. Nilambur is also known as Teak town due to the heavy plantations. The teakwoods in nilambur forests are well famous for their quality. A dedicated Meauseum for teaks are situated in Nilambur and it is the only meauseum for teaks in the World itself.  A major part of the forest land in the district is included in nilambur taluk. Besides teaks, the forest contains rosewoods, mahagony, venteak and bamboo a are present there. Almost all the animals like elephants, Tigers, Deers, Beers, Wolfs etc..  which were usually present in the southindian forests are also found in the nilambur forests.


                                                                A magnetic inner landscape of nilambur (adyanpara waterfalls)









Conolly's plot is the oldest teak plantation wich is named in honor of  the formal collector H.V. Conolly in Malabar district of Madras state in the British ruin periods . He was directed the teak plantations in the entire Nilambur . Mr.Chathu Menon helped Canolly in doing this.  Canolly's plot occupies  2.31 hectares aside the Chaliyar river at Aruvakode.This place is a hotspot in Nilambur . A number of vistors are came to enjoy the site. A hanging bridge across the chaliyar is built recently in the plot. This plantation is occured in 1842 -1844 and and it is the oldest and first teak plantation in the world. And also the world's oldest teak tree is also situate here at Aruvakkode near Vadapuram.




Transportation



It is 72 kilometers from calicut. And 44 from malappuram town towards gudallur route through SH28 by road. There is also a railway line which connects Nilambur more easily with the southern kerala.









In the peiod of british rule , they introduced a railwayline from shornur junction upto chandakkunnu, nilambur. Now the road is well utilised by the southern railway and it is a route that connects nilambur to the southern parts of kerala


Climate

Nilambur is well famous for its nice climate and attractive sceneries of wildlife, forests.

The river chaliyar and its nourishments maruthappuzha, punnapuzha , kalakkanpuzha etc are famous for their gold deposits. But as the production cost  is much higher the effort to extraction of gold from the land is avoided by the state government.

 The Kerala Tourism Development Corporation announces to promote Nilambur a brand of  malabar tourism through the eco-tourism program.

                                    chaliyar river near muderi (nilambur) in a monsoon season
















People

The people of  nilambur taluk mainly consists of local tribals , and the major castes like hindus, muslims and christians. All are of equal ratio in population. Most of them speak the mothertongue ‘Malayalam’ in their own ‘Eranadan’ slang. But few tribes speaks some scriptureless language also in their colonies.